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The indeterminate type is used when tomatoes are staked for harvest all through the summer. The particular person tomato plant may be pruned to one or two main stems and tied to a stake, or it may be enclosed in a wire cage, which helps the plant and retains it upright. Determinate tomatoes set one crop, usually over a 4- to six-week period. Plants could also be set out two or three weeks earlier than the last frost if correct safety is supplied. Winter squash, corresponding to acorn, butternut and hubbard, can also be grown throughout the summer time, but it is harvested and eaten when the fruit is mature. It has a tough rind and can be stored for use all through the winter. Some squash are bush whereas others are vining types that want extra space per plant.
If the ball is not sticky however crumbles readily when pressed with the thumb, the soil is in good condition to be worked. Vegetables fall into three categories primarily based on their fertilizer requirements. If your backyard is massive, group crops according to their fertilizer must make functions of specific rates easier. It improves soil tilth, conserves soil moisture and helps root improvement. Organic matter in backyard soils decomposes rapidly because of continued cultivation and high temperatures. Good compost may be created from straw, hay, leaves, manure, sawdust and weeds. See your county Extension agent for info on home composting.
In larger gardens, you might need extra tools similar to a wheel cultivator, a garden tractor or a tiller. Be certain all your gear, especially sprayers and dusters, is reliable and in good repair. List garden chores to do each month; with a garden map and a garden calendar, you’ll find it easier to carry out the various jobs on time. See University of Georgia Cooperative Extension Circular 943, “Vegetable Garden Calendar,” for extra information.
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Cabbage is a cool season crop that can be grown in both the fall and early spring. Space giant-headed sorts such as Rio Verde about eight to 10 inches apart if small to medium heads are desired.
See UGA Cooperative Extension Circular 849, “Potato Production in the Home Garden,” for more info. Space the seed items 8 to 10 inches aside, firming them into the soil. Rake the floor sometimes to kill any germinating weed seed earlier than the sprouts emerge. When the plants start to mature (usually when about Â¾ of the tops have fallen), use a brush or rake to interrupt over those nonetheless standing so all of the onions will mature thoroughly.
Weeds compete for moisture and fertilizer, and should be managed by cultivating, mulching or utilizing herbicides. Using herbicides within the home garden is troublesome and never typically really helpful since no single herbicide can be utilized for all crops and the quantity used is important.
If you propose to can or freeze surplus produce, make sure to select varieties that course of well. For data on canning or freezing greens, contact your county Extension workplace by calling ASK-UGA1. Try to avoid areas infested with johnsongrass, nutgrass and different troublesome weeds; areas with rock ledges; and areas underlain by a hardpan or onerous shale. Locate the backyard near your house so you’ll be able to observe it often. Being close to your backyard will help you notice insect, disease and weed issues and allow you to take necessary control measures earlier than they can trigger severe harm.